Sarah Orne Jewett

Sarah Orne Jewett

Sarah Orne Jewett, hija de un médico, nació en South Berwick, Maine, el 3 de septiembre de 1849. Jewett se educó en la escuela de Miss Olive Rayne y luego en la Berwick Academy, graduándose en 1865.

Jewett hizo publicar una historia en el Atlántico mensual a la edad de diecinueve años. A esto le siguieron varios libros, entre ellos Deephaven (1877) Historias del día de juego (1878) y Viejos amigos y nuevos (1879).

Sarah se hizo amiga cercana de Annie Fields. Su esposo, James Thomas Fields, murió el 24 de abril de 1881. Poco después, Sarah se mudó con Annie. Mark DeWolfe Howe ha argumentado en Recuerdos de una anfitriona (1922): "James Fields eligió a Jewett como el amigo ideal para llenar el vacío inminente en la vida de su esposa. Debió haber sabido que, cuando llegara el momento de reajustarse a la vida sin él, ella necesitaría algo más que contactos aleatorios con amigos ... Debió haberse dado cuenta de que el elemento intensamente personal de su naturaleza requeriría una salida a través de una devoción intensamente personal. Si hubiera podido prever la relación que surgió entre la señora Fields y la señorita Jewett, su hija menor Quince años casi inmediatamente después de su muerte, y continuado durante toda la vida del amigo más joven, seguramente habría sentido una gran seguridad de satisfacción en lo que estaba por suceder ".

Cuando las mujeres estaban separadas, se escribían apasionadas cartas. En marzo de 1882, Sarah escribió: "¿Estás segura de que sabes cuánto te amo? Pienso en ti y pienso en ti y siempre te recuerdo". En otra carta le dijo a Annie: "Anhelo verte y decir toda clase de tonterías ... y besarte tantas veces". Lillian Faderman, autora de Superando el amor de los hombres (1981) sugieren abiertamente que la relación de Fields y Jewett era lesbiana. Sin embargo, otros han planteado dudas al respecto.

En 1884, George Washington Cable visitó su casa: "En Charles Street cené y pasé la velada con la Sra. Fields y la Srta. Sarah Orne Jewett. Ambas son mujeres de enfática bondad e inteligencia. La Sra. Fields no pudo verme durante algún tiempo como ella acababa de llegar de un arduo día de trabajo visitando sus diversas organizaciones benéficas y estaba desaliñada por la tormenta.Hablábamos de hombres y cosas ... Ayuda a las anécdotas, escucharlas de una mujer encantadora de mente y corazón y buenas obras y fama, años dorados, y cabello negro ondeando desde el centro de la frente superior y hacia atrás hasta las orejas. Debo intentar conseguir su imagen ... La señorita Jewett no es pintoresca, como la señora Fields, pero es un sermón corto y dulce sólo para mirarla ".

Jewett publicado Un médico rural (1884), El compañero de la luz del día y sus amigos en tierra (1884), Una garza blanca (1886), Cuentos de Nueva Inglaterra (1890), Extraños y caminantes (1890), El país de los abetos puntiagudos (1896) y El amante conservador (1901). El crítico, William Dean Howells, observó que ella tenía "un sentimiento poco común para hablar, escucho a su gente".

Jewett, como Annie Fields, fue una firme defensora de los derechos de las mujeres. Una vez dijo: "Dios no nos daría el mismo talento si lo que está bien para los hombres no lo es para las mujeres". En otra ocasión comentó: "¿Qué ha hecho grande a esta nación? No a sus héroes, sino a sus familias".

En 1902, Jewett fue arrojada de un carruaje y se lesionó la cabeza y el cuello. Las lesiones le provocaron dolor, mareos y olvidos recurrentes durante los siguientes cuatro años. Como Susan K. Harris, autora de El trabajo cultural de la anfitriona de finales del siglo XIX (2004), ha señalado: "Mientras Jewett se recuperaba en Maine, Fields sufrió un derrame cerebral leve en Boston; el resultado de la enfermedad de ambos fue una separación prolongada y la consiguiente ansiedad mutua".

Sarah Orne Jewett murió el 24 de junio de 1909.

Después de la muerte de James T. Fields en 1881, Annie Fields y Sarah Orne Jewett se convirtieron rápidamente en pareja en el paisaje de Nueva Inglaterra. Las opiniones sobre esta relación varían. Para sus contemporáneos, parece haber sido considerado como una solución afortunada a la potencial soledad de ambas mujeres; Esto es especialmente evidente en las cartas de condolencia escritas a Fields por la muerte de Jewett en 1909 ... Mark DeWolfe Howe, cuyo Recuerdos de una anfitriona (1922) construyó la imagen de Annie Fields para la mayoría de los lectores del siglo XX, sugiere que James Fields diseñó la relación cuando se dio cuenta de que estaba a punto de morir. Leído retrospectivamente, la interpretación de Howe del papel de James Fields en Annie Fields y la amistad de Jewett hace que el papel parezca paternalista, pero sospecho que el encuadre de Howe fue una forma deliberadamente ingeniosa de negociar los hechos de la relación y la creciente homofobia de su propia época. Pasarían muchos años antes de que Lillian Faderman (Superando el amor de los hombres, 1981) sugeriría abiertamente que la relación de Fields y Jewett era lesbiana. Entre los comentaristas recientes, Rita Gollin comenta que su "asociación profundamente afectuosa se resiste al etiquetado", y Paula Blanchard la trata como una amistad mutuamente sustentable, sororal / materna entre iguales.

James Fields eligió a Jewett como el amigo ideal para llenar el inminente vacío en la vida de su esposa. Fields y la señorita Jewett, unos quince años más joven que ella, casi inmediatamente después de su muerte, y continuó durante toda la vida del amigo más joven, seguramente habría sentido una gran seguridad de satisfacción en lo que estaba por suceder.


Jewett, Sarah Orne (1849-1909)

Autora estadounidense que es mejor conocida por sus representaciones de la vida rural en la costa de Maine. Variaciones de nombre: El nombre de pila era Theodora, rara vez se usa. Nacida Theodora Sarah Orne Jewett en South Berwick, Maine, el 3 de septiembre de 1849 murió el 24 de junio de 1909, en su lugar de nacimiento, la hija de Theodore Herman Jewett (un médico rural) y Caroline Frances (Perry) Jewett se graduó de la Academia de Berwick en 1865. La relación principal casada fue con Annie Adams Fields durante aproximadamente 30 años.

Publicó su primer cuento a los 17 años además de sus cuentos, escribió numerosos libros para niños, varias historias populares y tres novelas más conocidas por El país de los abetos puntiagudos (1896), una novela aclamada por muchos críticos como una de las mejores de la literatura estadounidense.


Sarah Orne Jewett nació en South Berwick, Maine, el 3 de septiembre de 1849. Su familia había residido en Nueva Inglaterra durante muchas generaciones. [2]

El padre de Jewett, Theodore Herman Jewett, era un médico especializado en "obstetricia y enfermedades de mujeres y niños", [3] y Jewett lo acompañaba a menudo en sus rondas, familiarizándose con las vistas y los sonidos de su tierra natal y su gente. [4] Su madre era Caroline Frances (Perry). [5] Como tratamiento para la artritis reumatoide, una condición que se desarrolló en su primera infancia, Jewett fue enviada a caminatas frecuentes y, a través de ellas, también desarrolló un amor por la naturaleza. [6] En su vida posterior, Jewett visitó a menudo Boston, donde conoció a muchas de las figuras literarias más influyentes de su época, pero siempre regresaba a South Berwick, pequeños puertos marítimos cerca de los cuales fueron la inspiración para las ciudades de "Deephaven" y "Dunnet Landing" en sus historias. [7]

Jewett fue educada en la escuela de Miss Olive Rayne y luego en la Berwick Academy, graduándose en 1866. [8] Complementó su educación con la lectura en su extensa biblioteca familiar. Jewett "nunca fue abiertamente religiosa", pero después de unirse a la Iglesia Episcopal en 1871, exploró ideas religiosas menos convencionales. Por ejemplo, su amistad con el profesor de derecho de Harvard Theophilus Parsons estimuló un interés en las enseñanzas de Emanuel Swedenborg, un científico y teólogo sueco del siglo XVIII, que creía que lo Divino "estaba presente en innumerables formas unidas, un concepto que subyace a la creencia de Jewett en responsabilidad individual." [9]

En 1868, a la edad de 19 años, Jewett publicó su primera historia importante "Los amantes de Jenny Garrow" en el Atlántico mensual, y su reputación creció durante las décadas de 1870 y 1880. [10] Jewett usó el seudónimo "Alice Eliot" o "A. C. Eliot ”por sus primeras historias. [11] Su importancia literaria surge de sus cuidadosas, aunque moderadas, viñetas de la vida en el campo que reflejan un interés contemporáneo en el color local más que en la trama. [12] Jewett poseía un agudo don descriptivo que William Dean Howells llamó "un sentimiento poco común para hablar: escucho a tu gente". Jewett hizo su reputación con la novela El país de los abetos puntiagudos (1896). [13] Un médico rural (1884), una novela que refleja a su padre y sus ambiciones tempranas de una carrera médica, y Una garza blanca (1886), una colección de cuentos se encuentran entre sus mejores trabajos. [14] Parte de la poesía de Jewett se recopiló en Versos (1916), y también escribió tres libros para niños. Willa Cather describió a Jewett como una influencia significativa en su desarrollo como escritora, [15] y "desde entonces, las críticas feministas han defendido su escritura por su rico relato de la vida y la voz de las mujeres". [9] Cather dedicó su novela de 1913 ¡Oh pioneros!, basado en recuerdos de su infancia en Nebraska, a Jewett. [16] En 1901 Bowdoin College otorgó un doctorado honoris causa en literatura a Jewett, la primera mujer en recibir un título honorífico de Bowdoin. [17] En el obituario de Jewett en 1909, El Boston Globe remarcó la fuerza que reside en "el detalle de su trabajo, en finos toques, en la sencillez". [18]

Las obras de Jewett que presentan relaciones entre mujeres a menudo reflejan su propia vida y amistades. [19] Las cartas y diarios de Jewett revelan que cuando era joven, Jewett tenía relaciones cercanas con varias mujeres, incluidas Grace Gordon, Kate Birckhead, Georgie Halliburton, Ella Walworth y Ellen Mason. Por ejemplo, a partir de la evidencia en su diario, Jewett parece haber estado muy enamorada de Kate Birckhead. [20] Jewett luego estableció una estrecha amistad con la escritora Annie Adams Fields (1834-1915) y su esposo, el editor James T. Fields, editor de la Atlántico mensual. Después de la repentina muerte de James Fields en 1881, Jewett y Annie Fields vivieron juntos durante el resto de la vida de Jewett en lo que entonces se denominó un "matrimonio de Boston" en las casas de Fields en Manchester-by-the-Sea, MA, y en 148 Charles Calle en Boston. Algunos eruditos modernos creen que los dos eran amantes. [21] Ambas mujeres "encontraron amistad, humor y estímulo literario" en la compañía de la otra, viajando juntas a Europa y acogiendo a "literatos estadounidenses y europeos". [9] En Francia, Jewett conoció a Thérèse Blanc-Bentzon con quien había mantenido correspondencia durante mucho tiempo y quien tradujo algunas de sus historias para su publicación en Francia. [22] La poesía de Jewett, gran parte de ella inédita, incluye aproximadamente treinta poemas de amor o fragmentos de poemas escritos a mujeres que ilustran la intensidad de sus sentimientos hacia ellas. [23] Jewett también escribió sobre los vínculos románticos entre mujeres en su novela. Deephaven (1877) y en su cuento "La dama de Martha" (1897). [24]

El 3 de septiembre de 1902, Jewett resultó herida en un accidente de carruaje que prácticamente acabó con su carrera como escritora. Quedó paralizada por un derrame cerebral en marzo de 1909 y murió en su casa de South Berwick después de sufrir otro derrame cerebral el 24 de junio de 1909 [25].

Sarah Orne Jewett House, la casa georgiana de la familia Jewett, construida en 1774 y con vistas a Central Square en South Berwick, es un Monumento Histórico Nacional y un museo Histórico de Nueva Inglaterra. [26] Jewett y su hermana Mary heredaron la casa en 1887. [27]


Bibliografía:

Auchincloss, L., Pioneers and Caretakers: A Study of Nine American Women Novelists (Pioneers and Caretakers: A Study of Nine American Women Novelists) (1965). Baum, R. M., Un catálogo descriptivo de la colección Sarah Orne Jewett: la biblioteca Parkman Dexter Howe (1983). Bicksler, M. R., "Mujeres en la ficción de Sarah Orne Jewett" (tesis, 1995). Blanchard, P., Sarah Orne Jewett: su mundo y su obra (1994). Buchanan, C. D., Sarah Orne Jewett: Historias (1994). Buseman, L. J., "El realismo de la caracterización de los hombres de Sarah Orne Jewett" (tesis, 1993). Cary, R., ed., Agradecimiento a Sarah Orne Jewett (1973). Cary, R., Sarah Orne Jewett (1962). Donovan, J., Sarah Orne Jewett (1980). Dullea, G. J., "Dos voces de Nueva Inglaterra: Sarah Orne Jewett y Mary Wilkins Freeman" (tesis, 1996). Evans, M. A., "Refugios profundos y jardines en ruinas: posibilidades de comunidad y espiritualidad en Sarah Orne Jewett y Mary Wilkins Freeman" (tesis, 1992). Ferris, R. M., "¿Puras o perversas? Las amistades románticas de las mujeres y la vida y ficción de Sarah Orne Jewett" (tesis, 1996). Fields, A., ed., Cartas de Sarah Orne Jewett (1911). Frost, J. E., Sarah Orne Jewett (1960). Gale, R. L., Una compañera de Sarah Orne Jewett (1999). Hoffman, P. E., "La búsqueda de la realización personal: el matrimonio en la ficción corta de Kate Chopin, Mary E. Wilkins Freeman y Sarah Orne Jewett" (tesis, 1991). Hulme, C., Sarah Orne Jewett: una gran escritora y muy subestimada (tesis, 1988). Harkins, E. F. y C. H. L. Johnston, Pequeñas peregrinaciones entre las mujeres que han escrito libros famosos (1902). Matthiessen, F. O., Sarah Orne Jewett (1929). McCauley-Myers, J. P., "Las influencias silenciosas en las obras de Sarah Orne Jewett" (tesis, 1991). McGuire, M. A., "Sarah Orne Jewett" (tesis, 1995). Nagel, G. L. y J. Nagel, Sarah Orne Jewett: una guía de referencia (1978). Sargent, R. S., Siempre nueve años: la infancia de Sarah Orne Jewett (1985). Sherman, S. W., Sarah Orne Jewett, una Perséfone estadounidense (1989). Silverthorne, E., Sarah Orne Jewett: la vida de un escritor (1993). Sparks, L. V., Contrapartes: La ficción de Mary Wilkins Freeman, Sarah Orne Jewett y Kate Chopin (1993). Stoddart, S. F., "Cartas seleccionadas de Sarah Orne Jewett: una edición crítica con comentarios" (tesis, 1988). Thorp, M. F., Sarah Orne Jewett (1966). Weber, C. C. y C. J.

Weber, Una bibliografía de los escritos publicados de Sarah Orne Jewett (1949). Westbrook, P. D., Acres of Flint, escritores de la zona rural de Nueva Inglaterra 1870-1900 (1981).

La referencia funciona:

Automóvil club británico. AW. American Short Story: una colección de las historias cortas más conocidas y memorables de los grandes autores estadounidenses (1994). LENGUADO. Grandes historias cortas estadounidenses I (1995). Grandes escritoras: las vidas y obras de 135 de las escritoras más importantes del mundo, desde la antigüedad hasta el presente (1994). Escritoras americanas modernas (1993). NO (1971). NCAB. Oxford Companion to Women's Writing en los Estados Unidos (1995). Redescubrimientos: historias cortas estadounidenses de mujeres, 1832-1916 (1994).

Otras referencias:

Conferencia Sarah Orne Jewett (1986). Las mejores historias cortas de Sarah Orne Jewett (grabación, 1994). Historias de Nueva Inglaterra, antes y ahora (grabación, 1996).


Sarah Orne Jewett: una famosa autora de Maine

Sarah Orne Jewett, nacida en South Berwick, Maine en 1849, es famosa por sus contribuciones a la literatura clásica estadounidense.

Sarah Orne Jewett es considerada una de las autoras más importantes de la literatura clásica estadounidense. Nacida en South Berwick Maine, su literatura está repleta de personajes y escenas influenciadas por las experiencias de la infancia y por su agudo poder de observación. David Godine afirma en su introducción a El país de los abetos puntiagudos que, & # 8220 Ella no inventó sus personajes sino que los desarrolló a partir de conversaciones escuchadas e impresiones largamente recordadas. & # 8221 Sarah Orne Jewett pasaría gran parte de su vida en Boston entre los literatos de la época, pero sus obras literarias reflejan su profundo apego a su hogar en South Berwick y su aprecio por la gente del campo y la sensibilidad.

Sarah Orne Jewett & # 8217s Primeros años

Theodora Sarah Orne Jewett nació el 3 de septiembre de 1849 en South Berwick, Maine. Su padre, el Dr. Theodore Jewett, era de una antigua familia marinera y su madre, Caroline Perry Jewett, era de una familia de New Hampshire con fuertes lazos con la política de New Hampshire. Junto con sus hermanas Mary Rice (nacida en 1847) y Caroline Augusta (nacida en 1855), Sarah disfrutó de una infancia cómoda rodeada de una gran familia extendida. Su abuelo, el capitán Jewett, vivía en la casa de al lado y pasaban días de ida y vuelta entre las dos casas.

Sarah no era una niña sana y sufría de artritis reumatoide. A menudo estaba ausente de la escuela y solía dar largos paseos por el bosque. Le gustaba la soledad, y la paz y la tranquilidad de la naturaleza la tranquilizaban y más tarde influirían en su escritura. Se hizo muy cercana a su padre, a quien Sarah llamaba, & # 8220 el mejor y más sabio hombre que he conocido & # 8221. A menudo la llevaba consigo en sus visitas a los pacientes y ella adquirió un conocimiento de los remedios a base de hierbas, el folclore y la difícil situación de los pobres y los ancianos. Las historias que escuchó y las personas que conoció algún día encontrarían su camino hacia las viñetas de la vida en el campo por las que se haría famosa.

South Berwick y más allá

Sarah Orne Jewett se graduó de Berwick Academy en 1865. Fue en este momento que comenzó a expandir sus horizontes y viajó a lugares como Boston, Newport, RI y Cincinnati. Era una lectora voraz y guardaba un libro de extractos de los libros que leía. Elizabeth Barrett Browning, John Greenleaf Whittier, Julia Ward Howe y Harriet Beacher Stowe fueron algunas de sus primeras influencias y algunos de ellos se convertirían más tarde en sus queridos amigos. Fue en este momento que eligió la escritura como su vocación y el celibato como su estilo de vida. Las mujeres solteras siempre habían jugado un papel importante en la educación de Sarah y, en general, las mujeres que tenían una vida útil eran respetadas. La hermana de Sarah y Mary siguió siendo solterona también, y la soltería era una situación aceptada.

Comenzó a escribir cuentos y en 1869 publicó su primer cuento en el Atlantic Monthly. Su larga amistad con el editor William Dean Howells comenzó en este momento y duraría muchos años.

Sarah se unió a la iglesia episcopal en 1871 y, a través del profesor de Harvard Theophilus Parsons, comenzó a estudiar las enseñanzas de Emanuel Swedenborg. Las ideas de Swedenborg sobre la interdependencia amorosa y la creencia en la transmigración de la conciencia se convertirían en temas de su trabajo.

De Deephaven al país de los abetos puntiagudos

Su círculo de conocidos comenzó a crecer y viajó aún más lejos a lugares como Filadelfia, Wisconsin y Chicago. En 1877, William Dean Howells le sugirió que recopilara varios de sus bocetos individuales y los publicara en un solo volumen. El resultado fue Deephaven y fue su primer trabajo que destacó a la madura Jewett.

En 1880, Sarah comenzó una amistad de por vida con Annie Fields, la esposa de James T. Fields. Se convertiría en uno de los más famosos & # 8220Boston matrimonios & # 8221 y Sarah pasó parte de cada primavera en la casa de Annie & # 8217 en Boston y parte de cada verano en Manchester-by-the-Sea. También pasó una cantidad considerable de tiempo en South Berwick ayudando a cuidar a su madre que murió en 1891. En 1882, Sarah y Annie fueron a Europa y en 1884, se publicó A Country Doctor. Sarah continuó sufriendo de artritis y fue al nuevo hotel de Henry Flagler en St. Augustine, Florida en 1888 para recibir tratamiento.

Después de un segundo viaje a Europa y un crucero por las islas del Caribe con Annie Fields, The Country of Pointed Firs se publicó en 1896. Esta era Sarah Orne Jewett en su mejor momento y Willa Cather dijo sobre el libro, & # 8220 sin embargo, tan livianamente construida, tan poco cargada del pesado materialismo que se deteriora y pasa de moda. Será un mensaje para el futuro, un mensaje en un idioma universal. & # 8221


Sarah Orne Jewett - Historia

Selecciones del Historia y genealogía de los Jewetts of America
siguiendo la línea directa de Sarah Orne Jewett
y aportando anécdotas históricas de su familia

HISTORIA Y GENEALOGIA
DE EL
JOYAS DE AMÉRICA

UN REGISTRO DE EDWARD JEWETT, DE BRADFORD,
WEST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE, INGLATERRA,
Y DE SUS DOS HIJOS EMIGRANTES,
DIÁCONO MAXIMILIANO Y JOSEPH JEWETT,
COLONOS DE ROWLEY, MASSACHUSETTS,
EN 1639

TAMBIÉN DE
ABRAHÁN Y JOHN JEWETT,
PRIMEROS COLONIOS DE ROWLEY
Y DE LOS JEWETTS OMS
SE HA INSTALADO EN ESTADOS UNIDOS
DESDE EL AÑO 1800

POR
FREDERIC CLARKE JEWETT, M. D.
BALTIMORE, MD.
Miembro de la Sociedad Histórica de Maryland

VOL. I

LA FAMILIA JEWETT
DE AMÉRICA
ROWLEY (INCORPORADO) MASSACHUSETTS

[Nueva York, The Grafton press, 1908]

INTRODUCCIÓN

En 1855, se envió la siguiente circular a los miembros conocidos de la familia Jewett:

Deseando perfeccionar y perpetuar la genealogía histórica de la antigua familia Jewett, que emigró de Inglaterra, se estableció en Rowley, condado de Essex, Massachusetts, 1688-1689 d.C., y, mediante la bendición de Dios, se ha multiplicado hasta que sus miembros se cuentan entre los los ciudadanos de cada Estado, y se encuentran ocupados con éxito en todas las profesiones, y es toda actividad industrial: Nosotros, los abajo firmantes, notificamos una reunión de aquellos que llevan ese nombre, y de todos los descendientes de esa familia, para se celebrará en Rowley, el 14 de junio de 1855 d.C.

El objeto del encuentro será brindar una oportunidad de mutua conferencia, y de saludos gozosos, para renovar y fortalecer las bandas de hermandad común y, en particular, adoptar medidas para obtener hechos históricos que perfeccionen la genealogía de los Jewett. Familia y perpetúe esos hechos mediante la publicación en un volumen bien impreso y cuidadosamente encuadernado. Por tanto, se solicita respetuosamente la asistencia de todos los descendientes de la Familia Jewett y se ruega a todos los que reciban esta Circular que extiendan el aviso y la invitación a dichos miembros y parientes de la familia, que puedan ser conocidos por ellos. También se les solicita que transmitan, en una fecha próxima, a la Dea. Joshua Jewett, de Rowley, cualquier hecho genealógico o histórico que interactúe en relación con los objetos propuestos, y se espera con confianza que nadie que posea dicha información deje de proporcionarla para el uso y los propósitos de la reunión.

Prof. CC Jewett, Washington, DC Prof. GB Jewett, Amherst, Mass. SW Jewett, Middlebury, Vt. Elam R. Jewett, Buffalo, Nueva York Rev. CC Taylor, Kalamazoo, Michigan Rev. C. Hutchins, New Albany, Rev. Ind. Augustus Jewett Terre Haute, In. Dr. Luther Jewett, Lafayette, Indiana PH Jewett, Esq., Lexington, Indiana JT Jewett Chicago, Ill. Nathaniel Grover, Chicago, Ill. Dr. John R. Jewett, Lyons, Mich Dr. Luther Jewett, St. Johnsbury , Vt. Rev. SG Tenney, Alstead, NH Prof. P.?. Jewett. New Haven, Connecticut Rev. BD Jewett, Colchester, Connecticut Dr. Joseph F. Jewett, Grandby, Connecticut Rev. Richard T. Searle, New Marlboro, Mass. Levi Jewett, New Marlboro, Massachusetts Rev. Jeremiah Searle, Woodbourne, NY John P. Jewett, Boston, Mass. Henry J. Jewett, Esq., Leona, Texas Jedediah Jewett, Portland, Maine Miss Sarah Jewett, Portland, Maine Luther Jewett, Portland, Maine George Jewett, Portland, Maine Rev. William R. Jewett, Plymouth, NH Dr. Jeremiah P. Jewett, Lowell, Mass. William Jewett, Scarboro, Maine Jeremiah J. Tenney, Lawrence, Mass. Dr. Charles Jewett Eleazer Jewett, St. Albans, Vt, Nathaniel C. Taylor, Rowley, Mass, David H. Hale, Rowley, Mass. Moses T. Whittier, Rowley, Mass. Charles Jewett, Niles, Michigan.

ORDEN DE EJERCICIOS EN LA REUNIÓN DE LOS JEWETT

FAMILIA EN ROWLEY 14 DE JUNIO DE 1855

Se formará una procesión en el Común a las diez en punto, y, encabezada

by Bond's Cornet Band, de Boston visitará los principales lugares de interés,

la residencia del venerable Dr. Joshua Jewett, y el Old Jewett Home-

lugar, donde, bajo los majestuosos olmos, John pronunciará un breve discurso

P. Jewett, de Boston, y un poema original, titulado "The Old-Homestead",

compuesta por William Jewett Pabodie, de Providence, se cantará al

música de "Bonny Doon", después de lo cual la procesión se dirigirá más a la reunión

inghouse, en cuyo lugar los servicios serán los siguientes:


1. VOLUNTARIO, de la Banda. Obertura de "The: King of Baby1on".
2. HIMNO ORIGINAL leído por el Dr. Joshua Jewett, rayado, al estilo antiguo, y cantado por toda la Familia Jewett.
3. ORACIÓN, por el Rev. John Pike, de Rowley.
4. HIMNO, a cargo del Coro.
5. ORACIÓN, del Profesor C. C. Jewett, de Washington, D. C.
6. CORO, a cargo del Coro.
7. BENEDICCIÓN, por el Rev. Spofford D. Jewett, de Colchester, Connecticut.


1. Se leerá la LISTA DE FUNCIONARIOS y el MARISCAL Jefe presentará a la audiencia el PRESIDENTE DEL DÍA.
2. BREVES OBSERVACIONES del Presidente, Dr. Joshua Jewett de Rowley.
3. INVOCACIÓN, por el Rev. William R. Jewett, de Plymouth, N. H.
4. CENA, preparada por J. B. Smith, de Boston, el distinguido catering.
5. BREVE DIRECCIÓN GENEALÓGICA, a cargo del Presidente.
6. CANCIÓN DE UNA CANCIÓN ORIGINAL, "Our Family Pledge". Sintonice, "Auld Lang Syne".
7. BRINDIS, INTERCAMBIO DE SENTIMIENTOS y FELICIDADES FAMILIARES, intercalados con música de la Banda.

Dr. Joshua Jewett, de Rowley.

Elam R. Jewett, de Buffalo, N. Y.

Luther Jewett, de Portland, Yo.

Rev. Geo. B. Jewett, de Nashua, N. H.

El Dr. Luther Jewett, de St. Johnsbury, Vt.

Prof. P. A. Jewett, de New Haven, Connecticut.

Dr. Joseph F. Jewett, de Granby, Conn.

Dr. Jeremiah P. Jewett, de Lowell.

S. W. Jewett, de Vermont. Jedediah Jewett, de Portland. Henry J. Prentiss, de Boston.

General Henry K. Oliver, de Lawrence. _

Daniel H. Hale. John Richards. John Harris.

Moses T. Whittier. B. H. Smith, of. Rowley.

Charles Jewett, de Michigan.

EL ANTIGUO LUGAR DE CASA, Dr. William JEWETT PABODIE
TUNE, "Bonny Doon"

Como peregrinos a algunos, santuario sagrado,
Como vagabundos a la casa de su padre,
A esta, la cuna de nuestra raza,
Venimos con corazones alegres pero reverentes.

Casi han pasado doscientos años,
Desde que se levantó este antiguo árbol de techo,
Un refugio en el desierto
De vientos aulladores y enemigos salvajes.

Fue aquí donde nuestros padres vivieron y murieron -
De este hogar, en dulce acuerdo,
Por la mañana se elevó la voz de la oración,
Por la noche, himnos a la manteca.

Debajo de estos olmos, su trabajo hecho,
Se reunieron a menudo, una multitud alegre,
Y mientras las horas del crepúsculo se alejan,
Mientras asomaban las ranas su canto vespertino.

Y a menudo, dentro, el zumbido de la rueda
Hizo un sonido agradable en un día de verano,
Oído por el viajero, mientras trabajaba,
A lo largo de los caminos oscuros y polvorientos.

Todavía en la esquina hace tic-tac el reloj
Que marcaron las horas de alegría o aflicción,
Para aquellos cuyos corazones se convirtieron en cenizas
Hace más de cien años.

Y todavía se ve el sillón viejo,
Donde se sentó el padre, al final del día,
Y volteó con asombro la página sagrada,
Su guía a través del camino incierto de la vida.

Porque eran una raza piadosa,
Ni te parezca vano decir:
Un diácono siempre adornaba la línea,
Desde 'Zekiel hasta Joshua.

Debajo del césped duermen ahora
Pero aún sobrevive una forma noble,
Para mostrarnos todo su valor inmaculado,
La belleza diaria de sus vidas.

Oh, que aún desciendan sus virtudes,
Mientras el ala incansable del tiempo se expande,
Para que todos al fin se reencuentren,
Reúnanse en "una casa no hecha a mano".

NUESTRO COMPROMISO FAMILIAR, POR JEDEDIAH JEWETT, o PORTLAND, YO.
TUNE, "Auld Lang Syne"

Estamos reunidos aquí, una banda familiar
Sobre la costa de Old Rowley,
Aunque esparcidos por toda la tierra,
Ya no nos separamos.

Entonces aquí tienes una mano, una mano de Jewett
Que cada uno se compromete al otro,
Eso sí, por Dios y la Verdad, nos mantendremos
Y nunca te olvides de un hermano.

Desde el Este cubierto de pinos y el Oeste fértil,
Nos reuniremos aquí hoy
Que esta reunión sea ahora bendecida,
Y ser recordado sí.

Entonces aquí tienes una mano, etc.

La primera de nuestro Padre con bandas de peregrinos,
Dejó todo por lo que viven los hombres
Que a sus Hijos, en otras tierras,
Libertad justa que podrían dar.

Luego hay una mano, etc.

Sobre su escudo blasonaron profundo,
El lirio, feria emblema
Y por nuestra cresta, nos ordenan mantenernos,
El águila, pájaro del aire.

Entonces aquí tienes una mano, etc.

Inmaculados, mantengamos ese nombre
Como brillante arsenal de lirios,
Y siempre hacia arriba sea nuestro objetivo,
Con el ave atrevida del día.

Entonces aquí tienes una mano, etc.

Se esperaba que el Dr. Charles Jewett, de Michigan, proporcionara el himno original, pero al no haber recibido el suyo, se ha sustituido por el siguiente:

HIMNO ORIGINAL, por H. J. Prentiss
Tune, "America"

Hasta esta hermosa tierra
Dirigido por la mano del Todopoderoso
Nuestros padres vinieron
Confiando, oh Dios, en ti,
Cruzaron un mar tempestuoso
Decididos a ser libres, -
En tu gran nombre.

Su vid que plantaron aquí,
Con esperanza y temor de Dios,
Y encontré reposo
Sin nadie a quien asustar,
Buscaron su agradable sombra,
Se dijeron sus fervientes oraciones,
Y se levantó hacia el cielo.

El resplandor de la columna de fuego
Mostraste Tu constante cuidado.,
A través de la noche y la tormenta
De día la nube amiga
Su camino hacia adelante mostró,
Con luz sus pasos resplandecieron
Debajo de Tu brazo.

A Dios nuestro agradecimiento es debido,
¿Quién los trajo a salvo a través de
El agua salvaje:
Entonces que surja nuestra alabanza
Al que gobierna los cielos,
Que oye los débiles llantos
De cada niño.

Oh, que sus hijos sean
Una progenie digna
De nobles padres
Sea Verdad y Rectitud su objetivo,
Y, en el santo nombre de Dios,
Mantén pura la llama de su altar,
Como fuegos de vestal.

Desde la reunión celebrada en Rowley, varios miembros de la familia han intentado compilar una historia y así preservar los numerosos registros valiosos que están desapareciendo rápidamente. Entre los que hicieron esfuerzos notables con este fin se encuentran el Dr. Joseph F. Jewett, de Granby, Conn., Quien murió antes de que pudiera completar el trabajo, el Dr. Frederic A. Jewett de Brooklyn, NY, y Thomas A. Jewett, ESQ ., de Gardiner, Maine, quienes, debido a la presión de los negocios, se vieron obligados a abandonar el tema.

Hace unos catorce años, el autor asumió la tarea y, aunque el resultado tal vez no sea todo lo que podría desearse, cree que, dadas las circunstancias, ha recopilado casi todos los datos que se pueden obtener en este momento.

La familia de Jewett es sin duda de origen normando, pero cuando se establecieron en Inglaterra y el origen del nombre están rodeados de un misterio considerable. La primera sílaba del nombre tal como se escribe ahora sugiere la pregunta de si se deriva o no de judío, que es un apellido. La terminación "et" o "ett" tal vez podría explicarse analógicamente por referencia a un nombre como Hewett, supuestamente derivado de Hugh, Hew, etc. El nombre judío o judíos no implica que el fundador de la familia fuera hebreo, pero, como supone Newton, por haber matado judíos en Siria cuando tales hechos se consideraban meritorios. Él y Guillian suponen que el nombre Ives era originalmente Jeus, que se convirtió en Jues, y luego, por el cambio común de "I" por "J" y "U" por "V", Ives. El escudo de armas de esta familia una vez tuvo tres cabezas de judíos golpeadas. Los brazos de la familia de los judíos y sus derivados son, sin embargo, completamente diferentes a los de nuestra familia, y los de todas las familias cuyo nombre tiene claramente un origen similar al nuestro. En todos esos nombres la "T" parece ser una de las letras radicales, y la presencia uniforme de la letra "T" parece fatal para este supuesto origen.
Bardsley en "Apellidos ingleses", concluye que "el nombre Jewett proviene del diminutivo de Julieta", y cita varias entradas de los Rolls de los siglos XIII y XIV para establecer su teoría.

El "Armorial General Pr c d des terms du blason". Par J. B. Riestap, "Deuxième Edition, etc.", da una familia francesa, a saber, Ivatte de Boishamon-Bretagne, que se estableció en Inglaterra alrededor de 1417. El escudo de armas de esta familia era D'azur au chevron a'arg., Acc., Re trois quinte feuilles du m me. El nombre de esta familia fue cambiado a Juatte, Jeuett, Jowitt, etc. Sin embargo, las armas de las familias de Jeuett y Jowitt son bastante diferentes a las nuestras, pero parecen ser de una fecha muy posterior.

El escudo de armas de los Jewetts de Londres Gales era: En una cruz de plata, cinco flores de lis de la primera. Lleva argent, en una cruz de sable, cinco flores de lis de la primera con el nombre de Le Neve. Esta fue la armadura de la corte en la época de Enrique IV. perteneciente a Robert Le Neve, de Tiverskill, en el país de Norfolk.

The arms of Ivat confirmed to Thomas Ivat, of London, June 27, 1628, are similar to ours, viz., Ivatt or Ivat, Argent, on a cross gules, five fleur-de-lis of the field (another, the tinctures reversed). Crest -- Out of a mural coronet, an armed cubit arm holding in the gauntlet all pps. a fleur-de-lis or.

The name of Jueta or Iveta occurs in the Liber Winton. This book contains the survey of the City of Winchester taken by order of King Henry I. between the years 1107 and 1128. From that time we find what is supposed to be the name in a great variety of forms. The older forms seem to have been Juatt, Juet, Juett, Ivet, Ivett, Jvat, Ivat, Juit, Juite,. (there was a Sir Henry Juite, Baronet, living in Ireland in 1850), Juitt. The Latin forms are Juet, Jouitt, Jeuit, Jewitt, and Jewett.

In a aeries of articles entitled "American Armorial Families," arranged by Mortimer Delano, Pursuivant of Arms, and published in 1896. he states: "In the following roll will be found those American families that have a well established right to court armor, by inheritance, grant, or otherwise." In this list it given:

Jewett -- Massachusetts. Caballeros.

"Descent: Maximilian & Joseph Jewett from Bradford 1638 to Rowley, sons of Edward Jewett, of Bradford, Yorkshire, m. 1606, d. 1615 descent from Henri de Juatt 1096-9.

"Armorial Bearings -- House of Juatt, England .
"Arms: Argent, on a cross gules, five fleur-de-lis argent.
"Crest: An armed arm proper holding a fleur-de-lis or. All upon the wreathed helmet.
"Mantling: Argent and gules."

The above Henri de Juatt was a Knight of the First Crusade, 1096-1099. Our name frequently occurs on the records of the 13th and 14th centuries and with greater frequency in the later records. July 5, 1486, King Henry VII., of England, granted to Henry Jewet certain offices for life, viz., "Forrester of Windsor Forest and Parker of Sunnyng-Hill Park within Windsor Forest," but no reason is given in the grant for these honors.

Following down to a little later date we find in Vol. XVIII. of the " Harlien Society (English) Reports": "The arms of Jewett, of Chester, England -- Argent, on a cross Gules, five fleur-de-lis of the first, in dexter chief a crescent of the second." "William Jewett, of the Cittie of Chester, alderman and Justice of Peace, and was maior thearof Anno D'ni 1578, a seconnde sonne to Thomas Iwett, of Heyton, in Bradforde Dale in the Countye of York w ch Thomas mariede Elizabeth doughter to * * * Shakellton of Myddopp in Heptonstall within the vicaredge of Holly-fax Com. Ebor' And mother to the saide William whitch William Iwett mariede Margery doughter to Robert Ballyn late of the Cittle of Chester w ch Robert Bellyn married Cicelye doughter to John Poole seconnde sonne to Sr John Poole in Warral County of Chester knight.

"And hee the said Wm. Iwett saythe that there [their] badge is a nightingale. But how or in what sort hee cannot Instructe mee and therefore have I omytted the setting downe of yt till I may doe it p'fectlye.

Edward Jewett, father of the Jewetts who first came to America, was born is 1580 and lived in Bradford, West Riding of Yorkshire, England. The arms borne by him and which were brought to this country by Deacon Maximilian and Joseph Jewett, and which they were so careful to preserve on the records here is thus described on old records in both France and England: "He beareth, Gules, on a Cross argent, Five fleur-di-lis of the first, Crest, an eagle's Neck between two Wings displayed argent, by the name Jewett."

This is the coat-of-arms recognized by the Viscount de Fronsac, chancellor of the Aryan Order of St. George in 1891, in an article written by him and with which he gives a fine illustration and states, "these are the arms of the Jewetts of Maine and Texas."

As stated above, our crest is, "an eagle's Neck between two Wings." The motto is "Toujours le m me."

Much information may sometimes be afforded in genealogical research by the coat-of-arms. It will be seen on comparing the arms of the Jewetts of Chester, arms of Iyat, arms of Jewetts of London Gales, and of the "House of Juatt," that they are very similar to our own, and that all evidence points to the view that the Jewetts descend from the "House of Juatt, of England," and is the opinion of the Author, from Henri de Juatt, the knight of the First Crusade. It is true there is a difference in the crest, but this is not a part of a coat-of-arms. The crest is an adjunct to the coat-of-arms, but is often carelessly spoken of as forming part of it. It is often a play upon one's name, or is suggested by the name. Thus the crest of the Harts may be the animal of that name or a heart.

Edward Jewett, father of Deacon Maximilian and Joseph Jewett, lived in Bradford, England, where he was a clothier. By clothier it is not to be understood that he sold clothes, but was a maker or manufacturer of cloths. In those days, in England, the designation clothier was used only in the sense of the merchant manufacturer of woolen cloth who had in his employ a larger or smaller number of families engaged in the various manual employments connected therewith.

Edward Jewett lived long before the days of factories. In his time the making of cloth was carried on in Yorkshire in private houses, the several parts of the process being conducted by different members of the family according to their age and sex. The clothiers of Yorkshire were considered among the most industrious and frugal people of the kingdom. They were of necessity capitalists. They employed weavers, fullers, etc., and furnished them with material. In part they were accounted among the millionaires of England. Edward Jewett seems to have been a man of property, and to have left goodly portions to his children. The twenty families that accompanied Mr. Rogers to New England are described by Winthrop, "most of them of good estate." From the fact that the families of clothiers were trained from early life to knowledge of the different parts of the operation of making cloths, we any infer that the two sons of Edward Jewett who settled here were also clothiers. This is confirmed by the well-known fact as stated by Johnson in his " Wonder Working Providence," "that the settlers of Rowley were the first people that set upon making cloth in this Western World." He adds that many of them had been clothiers in England.

Maximilian and Joseph Jewett did not come to this country as adventurers. They were men of respectability, "of good estate," and could probably have no hopes of improving their worldly condition by emigration. They were lovers of liberty, and men of distinct and well-marked religious views. They were non-conformists. They had too sturdy an independence, as well as too strong a sense of duty, to abandon what they held a truth even in the midst of the bitterest persecution. For this reason they left their homes and sought in the wilds of America a resting place from oppression, a spot where they and their children might enjoy freedom to worship God. They were men of thought and character.

The period at which they emigrated to America was one of the darkest for the Puritans. Many ministers had been silenced or suspended. Fines and the pillory, mutilation and torture, were remorselessly resorted to by the friends of Archbishop Laud to compel conformity to the ceremonies of the Established Church. The ministers of Charles the First were full of hope that they should exterminate the pestilent heresy from the land.

Hunted down by tyranny, refused even the liberty of flight, the Puritans were almost in despair. All who could leave, fled, most of them to America. The same year in which our fathers emigrated, eight ships preparing to sail for this country were by order of the Privy Council detained in the Thames.

The persecution under Archbishop Laud seems to have fallen with peculiar weight upon the clothiers. This may have been owing to the fact that many of the clothiers were descendants of Dutch and French Protestants. Mr. Pryer in enumerating the petition for redress of grievances to Parlement in 1640-41 instances under the head of trade, "Divers Clothiers having been forced away who had set up their manufacture abroad to the great hurt of the kingdom." Smith, in the history of wool, cites the rigor of Archbishop Laud's execution of the acts of conformity as the cause which drove many clothiers out of the kingdom.

In the year 1838 there came from England to the new world, in all, twenty ships and at least three thousand persons. Among them were our ancestors, who sailed from Hull in the ship John of London, with about twenty other Puritans and their families (some sixty persons in all), under the leadership of Ezekiel Rogers, and landed in Boston about the first of December, 1638.

The Rev. Ezekiel Rogers, a learned and eloquent minister of Rowley, England, having been suspended for non-conformity, collected from his hearers and his other Yorkshire friends this little company, and with them came to America. It is stated that so great was the respect for Mr. Rogers that though he was suspended from the active duties of his office he was allowed to enjoy the profits of his living for two years afterwards, and permitted to name a substitute who was afterwards himself suspended for refusal to read the sentence against his predecessor. These two years we may suppose were employed by Mr. Rogers in gathering his future band of emigrants. His project seems to have excited considerable attention among the nobility and gentry. He states that he felt himself under obligations, for the sake of many persons of high rank, to make choice of a good location here.

Some of his company were doubtless his former parishioners, but the Jewetts lived is Bradford, one hundred miles from Rowley. Mr. Rogers may have gone to Bradford for the purpose of obtaining accessions to his company, or our ancestors may have heard of the intentions of the great minister, and sought him out.

Upon their arrival in Boston their first act illustrates their dignity and courtesy as well as their piety. John Williams states, in his "History of New England," that "Ezekiel Rogers son of Richard Rogers, of Weathersfield, in Essex, a worthy son of so worthy a father, lying at Boston with some who came out of Yorkshire with him, where he had been a painful preacher many years, being desirous to partake in the Lord's Supper with the church of Boston, did first impart his desire to the elders, and having given them satisfaction, they acquainted the church with it and before the sacrament, being called forth by the elders, he spoke to this effect, viz., that he and his company (viz., divers families who came over with him) had of a good time, withdrawn themselves from the church communion of England, and that for many corruptions which were among them. But first he desired, that he might not be mistaken, as if he did condemn all there for he did acknowledge a special presence of God there in three things: 1st in the soundness of doctrine in all fundamental truths 2nd in the excellency of ministerial gifts 3rd in the blessing upon the same, for the work of conversion and for the power of religion, in all which there appeared more, &c., in England than in all the known worlds besides. Yet there are such corruptions, as, since God let them see some light therein, they could not, with safe conscience, join any longer with them. The first, is their national church second, their hierarchy, wholly anti-christian third, their dead service fourth, their receiving (nay compelling) all to partake of the seals fifth, their abuse of excommunication, wherein they enwrap many a godly minister, y causing him to pronounce their sentences &c., they not knowing that the fear of the excommunication lies in that. Hereupon they bewailed before the Lord their sinful partaking so long in those corruptions, and entered a covenant together, to walk together in all the ordinances &c."

Winthrop also states: "A plantation was begun between Ipswich and Newbury. The occasion was this: Mr. Eaton and Mr. Davenport having determined to sit down at Quinipiack, there came over one Mr. Ezekiel Rogers, of Weathersfield in England, and with him some twenty godly men, and most of then of good estate. They laboured by all means to draw him with them to Quinipiack. He consulted with the elders of the bay, by their advice, he and his people took that place by Ipswich"

Thus was the town of Rowley, Massachusetts, founded and settled by Mr. Rogers and his hardy band of Puritans, of which Maximilian and Joseph Jewett were prominent members. In 1639, "Being settled in Rowley, they renewed their church covenant, and their call to Mr. Rogers to the office of pastor, according to the course of other churches."

The town was incorporated "1639: 4 day of the 7th month, ordered that Mr. Ezekiel Rogers' Plantation shall be called Rowley." The place was named in honor of Mr. Rogers, he having been the minister in Rowley, England, a number of years.

The history of our family, quiet and unpretending as it has always been, is associated with the most stirring and impressive events of modern times. Our ancestors were actors in the most important scenes of the moving panorama of human progress. To the English Puritans--their enemies themselves being the judges -- are to be attributed the strongest steps in the march of freedom. The great principles of civil and religious liberty were first fully developed and established by their efforts and sacrifices. The colonization of this country by such men first gave an assured resting place for these principles upon earth, and when viewed in all its bearings and consequences can be said to have done more for the progress of our race in the paths of true civilization than any and all other assignable human causes.

All of the Jewetts of this country spring from the common ancestor with the exception of four families who have come from England since 1800, and these are undoubtedly of the same family. This work includes these families.

1 EDWARD JEWETT, was born in Bradford, West Riding of Yorkshire, England, about 1580. He married there Oct. 1, 1604 Mary Taylor, daughter of William Taylor. This marriage is recordeD in the Bradford Parish Register. He lived in Bradford, England, where he was a cloth manufacturer and where be died. His will, dated Feb. 2, 1614, |was proved by his widow July 12, 1615. This will is on file in the archbishopric of York. The following is a true copy.

"In the name of God Amen, the second day of February in the year of our Lord God 1614 in the XIIth year of the reign sovereign Lord James by the grace of God, King of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith etc., and of Scotland the eight and forty whereas nothing is more certain than death and nothing more uncertain than the house of death. Therefore, I Edward Jewett of Bradford, within the dicos of York, Clothier, though sick and deseased in body yett sounde in minde and memorye I praise God therefore doo in this uncertainty of life knowninge that even in health we are subject to death make, publish and declare this my last will and testant in the names and form following (that is to say)

"First and principally I give up and comend my soule in the hands of Almighty God my creator and redeemer hoping and assurredly trusting to have full and free pardon and remission of all my sinnes by the precious death and burial of Christ Jesus my alone Saviour and for jestification by his righteousness and my body I yeald to earth to be decently buried at the decreation of my friends. Item, I give and bequeth two full parts of all my goods Cattles Chattles & Credits (in three parts to be divided) unto William Jewett, Maximilian Jewett, Joseph Jewett and Sara Jewet my children equally to be divided amongst them after my debts be paid and funeral expenses discharged. The third part and residue of all my said Cattles, Chattles & Credit I give and bequeth unto Mary my wife whom I make the sole executris of this my last will and testament. And I do entreat William Taylor
my father in law, Henry Taylor my brother in law, Samuel Taylor and Thurstum Ledgerd the supervisors of this my last will and test't. Item, my will and mind is that my children shall have their porcous paide unto them at such times as they shall sevarly accomplishe their ages of XX years or otherwise lawfully demand the same. Lastly I do commit of all my said children with theire severall porcous during theire several minorities unto the said
Mary my wife.

" Witnesses hereof William Smith, Jonas Watson & Lewis Watson."

Children, born in Bradford, England:

2 William, bapt. Sept 15, 1605.

3 Maximilian, bapt. Oct 4, 1607, married (1st) Ann -----------: (2d) Elinor Boyton.

4 Joseph, bapt. Dec. 31, 1609, married (1st) Mary Mallinson: married (2d) Ann Allen.

3 DEACON MAXIMILIAN JEWETT (Edward 1 ), was born in Bradford, West Riding of Yorkshire, England baptized there Oct. 4th, 1607. He and his wife Ann, and his brother Joseph sailed from Hull, England in 1638 in the ship John, with a colony under the leadership of Rev. Ezekial Rogers. They arrived at Boston about the first of December, 1638, spent the winter in Salem, and in the spring of 1639 founded the town of Rowley, Mass.

He was admitted freeman May 13, 1640. "Was chosen Deacon of the church, Dec. 13, 1639, in which place he served forty-five years and for two hundred and twenty years a descendant of him or his younger brother, a fellow passenger has been in that office or minister, the whole time except eight years." (Savage "Genealogical Dictionary.")

The following is from the records of the town of Rowley showing land granted to Maximilian Jewett at different times, viz.:

"Bradford streete -- To Maximilian Jewett one Lott Containinge two Acres and bounded on the South side by Joseph Jewets house Lott: part of it lyinge on the west side, part of it on the East side of the streete."

(This is the two-acre lot on which he built his home.)

"Bradford streete field -- To Maximilian Jewet foure Acres and a halfe of upland lying upon the North side of Joseph Jewets planting lott the East end butting upon his owne lott."

"Imp. Batchelours meadow -- To Maximilian Jewet one Acre and a quarter, lying on the North side of Joseph Jewets Measow: butting as aforesaid."

"1st. division of salt Marsh -- To Maximilian Jewet two Acres of salt Marsh, lying upon the East side of Joseph Jewets Marsh: butting as aforesaid."

"To Maximilian Jewet the Deacon there was laide out thirtie and one Acres of land, be it more or less bounded by James Dickensons on the west: by Jonathan Remmington east, by the Ministers land north, by George Killborn south being fortie rods and ahalf wide at the north end and twintie five wide at the south end."

"Upland laid out at the field called Bradford streete plains -- To Maximilian Jewet six Acres lying on the West side of Leonard Harrimans upland the North end abutting ptly on John Boitons lott and ptly on a swamp, the South end on a Swamp."

"2nd. division of fresh March -- To Maximilian Jewet one Acre, sixty rod wherof, lyse on the West side of Joseph Jewets Meadow: the North end butting on a Creeke, the South end on some Rough Meadow unlaid out: the other hundred rods ioynes on the aforesaid Creeke, about fourty rod distance from his aforesaid sixty."

"To Maximilian Jewet for seven gates a percell of marsh bounded by the River on the southerly side the northwest end butting against the division line that parts this division being in length about 32 Rods the south east end buting against another streight divideing line that parts them and the next division only this extends with a corner by reason of a creeke, longer next to the river and soe toward the easterly side takes the line on the east of the creeke."

To Maximilian Jewet a piece of marsh on the south of James dickinsons and his mother Whiples marsh the north west and south parts of it bounded by a creeke the north east by a pond."

"To Maximilian Jewet -------- Acres of Salt marsh pt of it in Consideration of an high way laid out through his lott to hogg Iland, bounded on the West side by Joseph Jewets marsh the North & North east sides of it Thomas Dickinsons Marsh and the South end by a great creeke."

"To Maximilian Jewet an Acre an halfe of salt Marsh lying at the Southeast end of his third Division of Salt Marsh in Consideration of his division of fresh meadows laide in Pollepod Meadow and of a way that lyes through his Meadow to hogge Iland."

"2d. division salt Marsh -- To Maximilian Jewet two Acres, lying on the North side of Joseph Jewets Marsh: butting as aforesaid."

"2nd. division upland -- To Maximilian Jewet two Acres part whereof ioynes to his owne salt Marsh, the rest of it lyeth on the West side of the aforesaid high way on the North side of Joseph Jewets upland: butting as above."

"3d. division Salt Marsh -- To Maximilian Jewet two Acres, one whereof ioyning to east side of Humphrey Reyners salt Marsh: the North end Butting upon the upland. The other Acre, lying on the North side of Joseph Jewets third division of salt Marsh, the west end butting on his owne second division of salt Marsh."

"Upland laid out in the ffield Called Batchelours Plain -- To Maximilian Jewet seaven Acres lying on the East side of Joseph Jewets land abutting as aforesaid." .

"3d. division ffresh Marsh -- To Maximilian Jewet -- one Acre, lying on the East side of Joseph Jewets Meadow: the North end butting on the up-land the south end on a Creeke."

"To Maximilian Jewctt one Acre & an halfe of upland lying on the north aide of William Scales his Lott abutting as aforesaid."

"1661-- At the same Towne meeting it was also granted and voted that Deacon Jewett should have a way layed out to his land laying on the foreside of prospect hill."

"March, 1671 -- To Deacon Jewett as his right and the right of John Spofford there was laide out ninete and five Acres of land beinge the twelfth and thirtenth lot in order, and is bounded by Thomas Dickinson on the west, by m re Kimbals lot on the east: six hundred and twentie two pole by the river on the North: it beinge thirtie and one poles and a halfe wide by the river side: yet but twentie four poles perpendiculer, each angle by the river are bounded by stubs, at the south end it is bounded by the villedge line twentie six pole and 3-4 yet it is but twentie and five pole perpendiculer: the south west angle is a stake and stones, the south east angle is a white oak."

In 1658 he had land granted him in Merrimac, then a part of Rowley. In 1673 Merrimac was incorporated as Bradford.


Sarah Orne Jewett - History

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Such a kind and earnest and friendly letter 4 as you sent me! I have read it over many times. I have been in deep perplexity these last few years, and troubles that concern only one's habits of mind are such personal things that they are hard to talk about. You see I was not made to have to do with affairs—what Mr. McClure 5 calls "men and measures." If I get on at that kind of work it is by going at it with the sort of energy most people have to exert only on rare occasions. Consequently I live just about as much during the day as a trapeze performer does when he is on the bars—it's catch the right bar at the right minute, or into the net you go. I feel all the time so dispossessed and bereft of myself. My mind is off doing trapeze work all day long and only comes back to me when it is dog tired and wants to creep into my body and sleep. I really do stand and look at it sometimes and threaten not to take it in at all—I get to hating it so for not being any more good to me. Then reading so much poorly written matter as I have to read has a kind of deadening effect on me somehow. I know that many great and wise people have been able to do that, but I am neither large enough nor wise enough to do it without getting a kind of dread of everything that is made out of words. I feel diluted and weakened by it all the time—relaxed, as if I had lived in a tepid bath until I shrink from either heat or cold.

I have often thought of trying to get three or four months of free- 3 dom a year, but you see when the planning of articles is pretty much in one person's hands head it is difficult to hand these many little details over to another person. Your mind becomes a card-catalogue of notes that are meaningless except as they related to their proper subject. What Mr. McClure wants is to make me into as good an imitation of Miss Tarbell 6 as he can. He wants me to write articles on popular science, so called, (and other things) for half of each week, and attend to the office work in the other half. That combination would be quite possible—and, I fear perfectly deadening. He wants, above all things, good, clear-cut journalism. The which I do not despise, except but I get nothing to breathe out of it and no satisfaction.

Mr. McClure tells me that he does not think I will ever be able to do much at writing stories, again, that I am a good executive and I had better let it go at that. I sometimes, indeed I very often think that he is right. If I have been going forward at all in the last five years, It has been progress of the head and not of the hand. At thirty-four 7 one ought to have some sureness in their pen point and some knowledge facility in turning out a story. In other matters—things about the office—I can usually do what I set out to do and I can learn by experience, but when it comes to writing I'm a new-born baby every time—always come into it naked and shivery and without any bones. I never learn anything about it at all. I sometimes wonder whether once one can possibly be meant to do the thing at which they are more blind and inept and blundering than at anything else in the world.

But the question of work aside, one has a right to live and reflect and feel a little. When I was teaching 5 I did. I learned more or less all the time. But now I have the feeling of standing still except for a certain kind of facility in getting the kind sort of material Mr. McClure wants. It's stiff mental exercise, but it is about as much food to live by as elaborate mental arithmetic would be.—Of course there are interesting people and interesting things in the day's work, but it's all like going round the world in a railway train and never getting off to see anything closer. I have not a reportorial mind—I can't get things in fleeting glimpses and I can't get any pleasure out of them. And the excitement of it doesn't stimulate me, it only wears me out.

Now the kind of life that makes one feel empty and shallow and superficial, that makes one dread to read and dread to think, can't be good for one, can it? It can't be the kind of life one was meant to live. I do think that kind of excitement does to my brain exactly what I have seen alcohol do to men's. It seems to spread one's very brain cells apart so that they don't touch. Everything leaks out as the power does in a broken circuit.

So whether or not the chief is right about my never doing much writing, I think one's immortal soul is to be considered a little. His thrives on this perpetual debauch, but five years more of it will make me a fat, sour, ill-tempered lady—and fussy, worst of all! And assertive an all people who do feats on the flying trapeze and never think are as cocky as terriers after rats, you know.

I have to lend a hand at home now and then, and a good salary es a good thing. Still, if I stopped working next summer 8 I would have money engough enough to live very simply for three or four years. That would give me time to pull myself together. I doubt whether I would ever write very much—though that is hard to tell about for sure since I was fifteen I have not had a patch of leisure six months long. When I was on a newspaper I had one month vacation a year, and when I was teaching I had two. Still, I don't think that my pen would ever travel very fast, even along smooth roads. But I would write a little—"and save the soul besides." 9 It's so foolish to live (which is always trouble enough) and not to save your soul. It's so foolish to lose your real pleasure for the supposed pleasures of the chase—or of the stock exchange. You remember poor Goldsmith 10

"And 11 as an hare whom horns and hounds pursue, Pants for the place from which at first she flew"

It is really like that. I do feel like such an rabbit most of the time. I dont mean that I get panic-stricken. I believe I am still called "executive" at the office. But inside I feel like that. Isn't there a new disease, beloved by psychologists, called "split personality"?

Of all these things and many others I long to talk to you. In lieu of so doing I have been reading again this evening "Martha's Lady." 12 I do think it is almost the saddest and loveliest of stories. It humbles and desolates me every time I read it—and somehow makes me want willing to begin all over and try to be good like a whipping used to do when I was little. Perhaps after Christmas I can slip up to Boston 13 for a day. Until then a world of love to you and all the well wishes of this season, an hundred fold warmer and more heartfelt than they are wont to be. I shall think of you and of Mrs. Fields 14 often on Christmas Day.

As I pick up the sheets of this letter I am horrified—but I claim indulgence because I have left wide margins.


Sarah Orne Jewett House

Writer Sarah Orne Jewett (1849-1909) was born in her grandparents' eighteenth-century house, where she lived with her family until 1854, when a Greek Revival House was built next door. As Sarah gained attention as an author, she and her family continued to live in the two Portland Street homes in the center of South Berwick.

Jewett and her older sister Mary inherited their grandparents' house in 1887. Decorating the house for their own use, the sisters expressed both a pride in their family's past and their own independent, sophisticated tastes. The result is an eclectic blend of eighteenth-century architecture, antiques, and old wallpapers with furnishings showing the influence of the Arts and Crafts movement.

Jewett drew on the house for inspiration for her novel Deephaven and often wrote at the desk in the upper hall overlooking the active town center.

Abierto
Friday &ndash Sunday, June 1 &ndash October 15
11:00 a.m. &ndash 5:00 p.m.
Tours on the hour. Last tour at 4:00 p.m.

Top photo: Jewett House - Sarah&rsquos sister Mary continued to live in the house, with frequent visits from nephew Theodore Jewett Eastman. Mary died in 1930, leaving the old family home to Eastman who, just one year later, bequeathed it to the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities, now Historic New England.

Bottom photo: Parlor - The parlor is the best room in the house, as evidenced by its fine woodwork. This room reflects the Jewett sisters' passion for the lives of their ancestors and for preservation of the past. The wallpaper in the parlor is preserved from their grandfather's occupation of the house and the furniture is a mix of styles from many generations &ndash many of them antiques even when Sarah and Mary lived in the house.


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Sarah Orne Jewett

by Barbara Rimkunas
This "Historically Speaking" column appeared in the Exeter News-Letter on Friday, October 27, 2011.

“On the brink of the hill stood a little white schoolhouse, much wind-blown and weather-beaten…” wrote Sarah Orne Jewett. During the early part of the twentieth century, Jewett was an accomplished author – writing primarily about nature and life in small town New England. Although she wasn’t born in Exeter and never lived here, she had strong ties to the town through her ancestry and often visited for long periods.

Born in South Berwick, Maine, in 1849, Jewett was a doctor’s daughter. Her father, Theodore Jewett, had studied medicine at Harvard and completed his practical studies in Exeter under the capable guidance of Dr. William Perry. While in Exeter, Jewett had met and married Perry’s daughter, Caroline Gilman Perry. Once his studies were complete, Dr. Jewett returned to his family’s hometown of South Berwick.

Sarah was a sickly child, suffering from rheumatoid arthritis, and was often absent from school. The nature of the disease caused acute flare-ups that would primarily affect her knees and shoulders. Once the swelling went down – and she sometimes reported that her knees would swell so badly that she couldn’t see her feet – the pain would linger for days or weeks. It might seem that this would lead her to be a bookish girl with endless hours spent on a couch reading, but for Sarah it was just the opposite. Classrooms were like prisons for her and only increased her discomfort. She preferred wandering the woods and fields of her village to sitting still at a desk. Arthritis is sneaky that way – it can make one immobile for stretches of time, yet it is best treated with movement. Children today, even with much better treatment, concur that sitting in school all day only makes things worse.

Luckily for Sarah, her father indulged her self-treatment and allowed her to skip school. He took her on his calls around town and she got to know village life in depth. She also visited her grandparents and cousins in Exeter very frequently. During the summer of 1857, she stayed in Exeter at her grandparents’ house on the town square to attend the summer term of school. Old Doctor Perry proved to be just as adept as his son-in-law at treating the girl with care. She was probably lucky that both her father and grandfather ignored the common treatments of the day and felt that fresh air and sunshine were the best treatments for her aching body. Dr. Perry’s medical text (currently in the collections of the Exeter Historical Society) - “First Lines of the Practice of Physic” by Dr. William Cullen, published in 1807- advocated topical bleeding, purging and a bland vegetarian diet for the treatment of chronic rheumatism.

Her father undertook to educate his daughter primarily at home after her reluctance to attend school was identified. She wrote later, “in these days I was given to long, childish illnesses, and it must be honestly confessed, to instant drooping if ever I were shut up in school. I had apparently not the slightest desire for learning, but my father was always ready to let me be his companion in long drives about the country.” She may not have liked to read or study, but she did adore taking in the sights and the characters they encountered on their travels.

“I used to linger about the busy country stores, and listen to the graphic country talk. I heard the greetings of old friends, and their minute details of neighborhood affairs,” she wrote. Her life was filled with the people of New England and her later writings would include dialogue that would read just as it sounded to her young ears.

At the age of 19 she began sending stories to magazines such as Atlantic Monthly and quickly made a name for herself. Although she suffered from arthritis flare-ups for the remainder of her life, she never allowed it to control her ambitions. She traveled the world, but always returned to South Berwick. Her serialized stories were published in book format, the most well-known include A Country Doctor, published in 1884, and The Country of the Pointed Firs, published in 1896.

In an undated letter, she wrote to the librarian of the Exeter Public Library, “I do not forget that I am a grandchild of the old town and of the Gilmans who always have had its well being so close to their hearts. Believe me.” She may be associated with South Berwick, but Exeter was dear to her.


Ver el vídeo: A COUNTRY DOCTOR, by Sarah Orne Jewett - FULL AUDIOBOOK